Category Archives: Dictionary
Ratification (noun): The process to make an agreement valid officially. (अनुसमर्थन) Synonyms: Approval, Sanction, Authorization, Validation Antonyms: Disapproval, Rejection, Decline Example: G -7 countries will now complete ratification of the agreement by this year. Uses: India’s non-ratification of the Convention is both surprising and dismaying. What is the constraint? A state which signs the Convention has to have a domestic law on the subject to outlaw and prevent custodial torture.
Scourge (verb): Cause great suffering to. (कष्ट देना, दंड देना) Synonyms: Torment, Torture, Afflict, Plague Antonyms: Protect, Comfort, Guard Example: The cruel general used to scourge on his disobedient soldiers. Related: Scourged, Uses: After being stripped and scourged , the victim’s palms, known in anatomy to be among the most sensitive of human limbs, were nailed to the cross’s horizontal beam, his feet to the vertical. “I thirst,” Mary’s son said.
Wantonness (noun): Feel pleasure in someone pain or suffering. (कष्ट देना) Synonyms: Atrocity, Barbarity, Fiendishness, Sadism Antonyms: Kindness, Sympathy, Humaneness Example: The dictator wantonness with which the police treated the prisoners of war. Uses: It is about the use of custodial opportunity to torture the captive’s body and mind. And there, in that arena of wantonness, it becomes something of a sport for the human “Gods” that rule mere humans. Uses: It is about the use of custodial opportunity to torture the captive’s body and mind. And there, in that […]
Litigant (noun): A person who has civil legal case. (विवादी , मुक़दमेबाज) Synonyms: Claimant, Appellant, Plaintiff, Contestant Antonyms: Ally, Colleague, Supporter Example: When the litigant interrupted the proceedings again and again, the judge sent him to jail. Uses: No doubt, in some cases, prejudice is presumed — for example, where a judge has appeared for one of the litigants at some stage in the same dispute.
Recusal (noun): To disqualify (oneself) as judge in some specific case. (अस्वीकार करना) Synonyms: Reject, Disqualification, Elimination, Withdrawal Antonyms: Sanction, Ratification, Admission Example: Justice Katju had to recuse herself from the case when the defendant turned out to be one of her cousins. Uses: Under what circumstances does a decision of recusal transgress a judge’s general responsibility to sit and deliver impartial justice? Should not a judge who disqualifies herself be compelled to deliver an order explaining her reasons for recusal?
Elucidation (noun): Explained something to makes clear. (व्याख्या, विवरन) Synonyms: Explanation, Explication, Exposition, Exegesis Antonyms: Complication, Obfuscation Example: Detail elucidation is required to learn the complex structure of chemical formlae. Uses: T.R. Andhyarujina wrote some years ago, what we really have are different elucidations of a principle against an apprehension of bias.