Ratification (noun): The process to make an agreement  valid officially. (अनुसमर्थन)

Synonyms: Approval, Sanction, Authorization, Validation

Antonyms: Disapproval, Rejection, Decline

Example: G -7 countries will now complete ratification of the agreement by this year.


India’s non-ratification of the Convention is both surprising and dismaying. What is the constraint? A state which signs the Convention has to have a domestic law on the subject to outlaw and prevent custodial torture.